Atlantic Forest Remnants in Goiás State - Brazil
Atlantic Forest Remnants in Goiás State
fauna and flora diversity and inventory
The PELD Jataí site is located in Atlantic Forest remnants in the southern state of Goiás, Brazilian central plateau. Covering about 20,000 hectares of not continuous forests, distributed among the geographic coordinates 18o 55'S and 51o 42'W, with altitudes ranging from 520 to 650 m. The fragments are mostly immersed for pasture matrix. The climate is classified as Aw, tropical savanna, with marked seasonality, rain in summer and dry in winter, typically found in the Brazilian Cerrado. December and January are the months with the highest frequency of rainfall, and June to August there is less rainfall intensities. The annual average rainfall is 1650 mm. The site consists of different forest vegetation types in good conservation status, as woody savanna, deciduous and semideciduous forests; flooded and non-flooded gallery forests and riparian forests along the Rio Corrente, a tributary of the Rio Paranaiba. There are also small fragments of cerrado stricto sensu.
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Over the past 30 years, the region that encompasses the municipalities of Aporé and Itajá undergone several changes in the landscape, especially in deforestation processes to make way for agriculture. The remaining natural areas are especially found in moist areas next to watercourses and in areas with steep slopes. Nowadays, most of those remaining are private properties. Although considered as permantent protected areas and legal reserves, they are still subject to many human impacts such as hunting and illegal extraction of plants, bad land use and consequent erosion, soil compaction by cattle, etc. Although there are no major tourist attractions, the presence of a mighty and crystal clear river (Rio Corrente), the diversity of ecosystems, especially forest formations, and the high biodiversity in the region, make the site an important relict for the creation of a Conservation Unit. Potentially Tovacuçu State Park, named after register of the rare bird (Grallaria varia), tipically found in Atlantic Forest, which has this common name (Tovacuçu).
Affiliation and Network Specific Information