Bencrom River - United Kingdom

Basic Information
Site Name
Bencrom River
Short name
UWMN_20
Country
United Kingdom
Site Manager
Keywords
freshwater
river
Site Description
UK Upland Waters Monitoring Network (UK UWMN) site. The Bencrom River lies in the Mourne Mountains of County Down, south-eastern Northern Ireland. The catchment area is 216 ha and rises from 140 m where the river meets the Silent Valley Reservoir to a maximum of 700 m at Slieve Meelbeg. The underlying geology is fine-grained granite with localised superficial boulder clay drift. Soils are dominated by blanket peats which are eroding in the upper part of the catchment. Moorland species characterised by Calluna, Molinia, and Sphagnum mosses, comprise the catchment vegetation, with Pteridium in the lower reaches indicating land-use disturbance in the past. Contemporary land-use and management is confined to low-intensity sheep grazing and infrequent heather burning. The annual rainfall is c. 1800 mm. Note: The area is the size of the catchment.
Last modified
2019-12-03 11:12:58
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Site Status
existing
Year Established
1988
Purpose
Originally part of a network monitoring the quality of acid waters in the UK. Now the purpose is to track changes in surface water quality and freshwater biodiversity across all upland regions of the UK, not only those sensitive to acid deposition. The aim is to monitor the separate and combined impacts of all principal pressures facing upland waters, including acid deposition, nutrient-N deposition, climate change, toxic substance contamination and land-use change.
Geographic
Size
216.00ha
Elevation (average)
420.00msl
Elevation (min)
140.00msl
Elevation (max)
700.00msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
UK ECN (LTER_EU_UK_073)The affiliation of this site with "UK ECN" is not verified.
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Bounding Box [.shp] [.kml]
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