Climate-Ecological Observatory for Arctic Tundra - Norway
Climate-Ecological Observatory for Arctic Tundra
The Climate-Ecological Observatory for Arctic Tundra (COAT) platform covers two sites in the Norwegian terrestrial arctic - low-arctic Varanger Peninsula and high-arctic Svalbard. Long-term monitoring and research on tundra ecosystems are conducted on these sites.
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
COAT aims to be a fully ecosystem-based system for long-term adaptive monitoring based on a food web approach to unravel the impact of climate change.
COAT was formally founded by the publication of a peer reviewed science plan in 2013, authored by a team of ecologists and climatologists at the Fram - High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment in Tromsø (http://www.coat.no/science-plan/). The science plan is based on the legacies from decades of long-term research and monitoring at both COAT sub-sites (I.e. Svalbard and Varanger Peninsula) and aims to expand these previous and ongoing activities to a full-scale ecosystem observatory. COAT was in 2016 placed on Norway's "Roadmap for national research infrastructures". Substantial funding was at the same time provided to establish field instrumentation and logistics systems at both sub-sites as well as a common digital infrastructure to manage the data streams from the two sub-sites. The infrastructure needed to underpin COAT is scheduled to be fully established in 2021.
Affiliation and Network Specific Information