Compassberg - South Africa

Basic Information
Site Name
Compassberg
Short name
CPE
Country
South Africa
Keywords
Atmospheric conditions
climate
Site Description
Compassberg, the highest peak in the Sneeuberg range, resembles a compass needle towering 2 502 metres high. The mountain harbours a diversity of species, including endemics such as the Compassberg Skolly (Thestor compassbergae) butterfly, found only the slopes of this mountain. Compassberg is located near the village of Nieu Bethesda, 55 km north of the town Graaff-Reinet in the Eastern Cape Province.
Last modified
2020-06-29 10:06:12
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Site Status
Operational
Year Established
2014
Purpose
To monitor altitudinal shift in climate and vegetation, especially of C3 and C4 graminoids, in order to determine if changes are consistent with climate trends or with the effects of increasing atmospheric CO2 on plants with different carbon pathways.
History
Despite being the highest peak in the Sneeuberg range and having endemic species, to date no description of the vascular flora of Compassberg has been undertaken. Owing to its height and herbaceous cover over the altitudinal range, the mountain provides an ideal opportunity to investigate possible altitudinal shifts in climate and vegetation, particularly C3 and C4 grass species in view of climate change.
Photos
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Geographic
Size
41252.00ha
Elevation (average)
1851.00msl
Elevation (min)
1200.00msl
Elevation (max)
2502.00msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
SAEON (LTER-SAF-ZA-17)The affiliation of this site with "SAEON" is not verified.
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Site information [.json]

Centroid coordinates [.shp] [.kml]