Conwy - United Kingdom

Basic Information

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Country (Site Location): 

United Kingdom

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General Site Description: 

Mixed lowland and upland catchment established as a major UK research platform for ecological research, including long-term monitoring of greenhouse has fluxes and water quality, ecosystem-scale experiments, ecological and biogeochemical process studies and modelling. The Conwy catchment incorporates a range of habitats broadly representative of Wales, comprising upland bog and heath, mountain grassland, lowland improved grassland, conifer and broadleaf woodland.

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General Characteristics, Purpose, History

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Year Site Established: 


Size : 

28 500.00ha

Purpose of Site : 

Major UK landscape-scale ecosystem research platform supported by UK Research Council and Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs. Aims to address multiple environmental drivers (land-management, atmospheric pollution, climate change) and multiple ecosystem services (e.g. climate regulation, water quality, cultural biodiversity, production) based on a foundation of long-term, large-scale hydrological, biogeochemical and ecological monitoring, augmented by process studies and landscape-scale modelling.

History of Site: 

Catchment-scale water quality observatory with regular spot sampling since 2006. Sensors including peat flux tower, lake monitoring buoy, continuous water quality sensors and automatic weather stations have been progressively added since that time. The catchment has also been subject to detailed characterisation of soils and vegetation, provided a platform for experiments (e.g. peat restoration) and been included in a large number of research projects. It is currently one of the three focal catchments for the UK Land Ocean Carbon Transport (LOCATE) project.

Research Topics: 


  • Glascwm forest monitoring catchment
  • Llyn Conwy (monitoring buoy location)
  • Nant y Brwyn peatland monitoring catchment
  • Hiraethlyn agricultural monitoring catchment


Latitude: 53.100000000000
Longitude: -3.800000000000