Ashiu Forest Research Station - Japan

Basic Information

Site Name: 

Ashiu Forest Research Station

Country (Site Location): 

Japan

LTER Member Network: 

Contact: Site Manager: 

Free Keywords: 

General Site Description: 

Ashiu Forest Research Station is located in the northeastern border part of Kyoto Prefecture in main island Honshu and stretches 6km east to west and 7km north to south in a rectangular shape. The area is characterized by high relief with altitudes ranging from 355 to 959 m above the sea level and encompasses the headwater zones of Yura River flowing into Wakasa bay, the Sea of Japan. This region is situated in the transition part between cool temperate forests and warm temperate forests. There is a heavy snowfall ranging from 1 to 3m in winter seasons. More than half of Ashiu Forest Research Station is covered with old-growth forests. In cool temperate forests above 600m altitude, the main species are beech (Fagus crenata), Japanese ceder (Cryptomeria japonica), deciduous oak (Quercus crispula). In warm temperate forests under 600m altitude, evergreen and deciduous oaks (Quercus salicina and Quercus sessilifolia) can be seen. There are two noteworthy characteristics in Ashiu Forest Research Station. Firstly, its high biodiversity. Since the establishment of the Research Station in 1921, new plant or vertebrate species/ varieties have been found. 801 woody, herbaceous and fern species have been recorded (Yasuda and Nagamasu 1995). Nationally protected species such as Japanese serow (Capricornis crispus) and Giant Saramander (Andrias japonicas) can be seen. Secondly, Ashiu Forest Research Station has been used not only for research and education but also for ecotourism by local stakeholders for more than 20 years, which has great opportunities for inter- and transdisciplinary studies.

Download Metadata: 

General Characteristics, Purpose, History

Site Status: 

existing

Year Site Established: 

1921

Size : 

4 185.60ha

Purpose of Site : 

Ashiu Forest Research Station is settled by Kyoto University as a field for education and research in 1921. Since then, various researches have been conducted producing more than 1000 scientific papers. More than 1600 scientist and students visit the Station annually for research purpose. Six major research topics are: 1) Structure and maintenance process of tree community using 3 14-16 ha large-scale forest dynamic permanent plots and 86 forest inventory plots; 2) Water and nutrient cycling and decomposer community along topographic gradient; 3) Effects of deer over browsing to hole watershed ecosystem by large-scale deer exclosure; 4) Connectivity of Hills, Hummans, and Ocean (CoHHO) studies focusing on how the degradation of connectivity of forest, rural area, and ocean affects provision of the ecosystem services along the Yura River which starts from the Ashiu Forest Research Station. For the education, 28 courses by Kyoto University and other universities have been using the Station to provide field experience to 800 students.

History of Site: 

Ashiu Forest Research Station is settled by Kyoto University as a field for education and research in 1921. Since then, various researches have been conducted producing more than 1000 scientific papers. More than 1600 scientist and students visit the Station annually for research purpose.

Research Topics: 

Parameters: 

Photos
Geographic

Coordinates: 

Latitude: 35.322382000000
Longitude: 135.750685000000