Retezat Biosphere Reserve - Romania
Retezat Biosphere Reserve
Retezat biosphere reserve
Retezat LTER site is located in the western part of the Southern Carpathians. Retezat massif was declared a biosphere reserve in 1979, due to its landscape diversity, geological complexity, composition of the flora and vegetation. Retezat National Park is famous for its floral diversity, hosting more than 1190 species of plants. Forests cover about 49 % of the area , the most widespread species are beech ( Fagus sylvatica ), spruce ( Picea abies ) , mountain pine (Pinus mugo ) , fir ( Abies alba), maple (Acer pseudoplatanus ) , birch ( Betula pendula) , alder ( Alnus viridis ) , elm ( Ulmus glabra) , Rowan ( Sorbus aucuparia ) . Pinus cembre opulation is probably the most representative of the Carpathian Mountains. The long term research network was placed in Retezat National Park in 2000, comprising 11 research plots (with a 0.25 ha surface) placed in representative forest or alpine ecosystems.
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
The site was established in order to assess the effects of transbonduary air pollution on forests ecosystems in Retezat mountains, a pollution-free area in Romania (the Park is a protected area for more than 50 years, with no nearby pollution sources).
1935 - Retezat National Park is founded over an area of 100 km2. 1947- through the law of forestry fund protection, forests become state property, a decision confirmed by the nationalization of 1948. 1955 – the scientific reserve Gemenele – Tau Negru, is founded over an area of 1840 ha. 1955 – The Commission for the Protection of Nature Monuments, alongside with the Agricultural Department of Hunedoara decide upon the areas of complete interdiction of grazing. Landowners populated lake Zanoaga and Raul Mare with trout even before the Park was founded. The custom of populating alpine lakes and streams was carried on by the administrators of the hunting areas even after 1948, as well as by the silvicultural districts. In 2000 was established as a LTSER site
Affiliation and Network Specific Information