Kremnicke vrchy Ecological Experimental Station - Slovakia

Basic Information
Site Name
Kremnicke vrchy Ecological Experimental Station
Short name
EES Kremnicke vrchy
Country
Slovakia
Site Manager
Operating Organisation
Keywords
air humidity
air temperature
PAR (Photosynthetic Active Radiation)
Precipitation Throughfall
Tea bag
TeaComposition
Site Description
The research is focused on complex study of ecological processes running within the beech ecosystem at the lower edge of its occurrence. The Ecological Experimental Station (EES) was founded in the Kremnické vrchy Mountains (Western Carpathians, Slovakia) in 1986. It is located at 500 m a.s.l., on SW slope. The leading stand-forming association is Dentario bulbiferae-Fagetum Z l a t n i k 1935, with locally admixed Carici pilosae-Fagetum O b e r d. 1958. For both associations, to the permanent constituents (at different dominances and abundances) belong: Carex pilosa, Carex sylvatica, Carex digitata, Galium odoratum, Dentaria bulbifera, Anthyrium filix-femina, Dryopteris filix-mas. The dominant tree species at the locality is beech (80–95%); fir, oak and hornbeam are the associated species. The soil type is andic cambisol with high skeleton content (20–60%) and mild acid reaction (pH 5.4–6.4), the humus form is acid mull. The long-term mean (1951–1980) annual air temperature is approximately 6.8 °C, with a mean of 17 °C in the warmest month (July) and - 4 °C in the coldest month (January). The mean annual precipitation is approximately 780 mm. An increasing value (+1.1 °C) of the mean annual air temperature was observed during the last two decades; however, the mean annual precipitation did not change significantly. The site is equipped with a few climatic microstations, collectors for precipitation and litterfall, lysimeters, dendrometers, etc.
Last modified
2020-09-02 10:09:39
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Site Status
Operational
Year Established
1986
Purpose
The main goal is to evaluate the productivity, carrying capacity and functioning of the beech ecosystem. In February 1989 five plots were established. Four plots were subjected to cutting of different intensities (clear-cut and shelterwood cut: light, medium and heavy). A fifth plot was left without any management treatments as a control (original parent stand). The second cutting was performed in 2004 and after five years was the final cutting. Currently, the research is carried out not only within the parent stand (115–120 years old) but also in the young stands growing after human intervention. It is focused on the examination of beech ecosystems development, especially on the microclimate conditions, productivity of trees, herbs and fungi, plant phenology, biochemistry, etc. Some global issues
History
The Ecological Experimental Station (EES) was founded in the Kremnické vrchy Mountains (Western Carpathians, Slovakia) in 1986. The aim was to evaluate the productivity, carrying capacity and functioning of the beech ecosystem. In February 1989 five plots were established. Four plots were subjected to cutting of different intensities (clear-cut and shelterwood cut: light, medium and heavy). A fifth plot was left without any management treatments as a control. The second cutting was performed in 2004 and after five years was the final cutting. In 2008 it became part of LTER Slovakia, the national LTER network. Currently, research is carried out on the EES to the control site in the stand 115–120 years old beech trees. On other stands the research is focused on the development of beech ecosystems naturally regenerated after different cutting intervention. The future of the EES we see in addressing some global issues, particularly the impact of climate change on primary production, as well as other consequences for the functioning of the affected ecosystems. More detailed information: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112715000195 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378112715006064 https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/biolog.2007.62.issue-4/s11756-007-0081-9/s11756-007-0081-9.xml
Photos
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Geographic
Size
5.00ha
Elevation (average)
470.00msl
Elevation (min)
450.00msl
Elevation (max)
510.00msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
ILTERThis site is a verified "ILTER" member.
LTER Slovakia (LTER_EU_SK_002)This site is a verified "LTER Slovakia" member.
LTER EuropeThis site is a verified "LTER Europe" member.
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