Nationalpark Mols Bjerge - Denmark
Nationalpark Mols Bjerge
ANPP (Above-ground Net Primary Production)
carbon and nutrient cycling
Critical zone observatory
long term monitoring
Mols Bjerge National Park or Nationalpark Mols Bjerge is a Danish national park in the area known as Mols Bjerge (lit.: Mols Hills) in Syddjurs Municipality, Central Jutland, inaugurated on the 29th of August 2009. The protected area, measures 180 square kilometres (69 sq mi) in size. The Mols Hills, reaching a height of 137 metres (449 ft), are centrally located in the park, and take up 2,500 ha. "More than half of all wild Danish plant species" can be found at Mols Bjerge. The park comprise most of the southern parts of the headland of Djursland. It is bounded on the east by the sea of Kattegat, the forests of Kaløskovene in the west and to the south by multiple inlets, coves and plains of glacially generated moraine. The town of Ebeltoft, along with villages and summer house residence areas, are considered part of the park. Land in the national park is held under both private and state ownership. Nearly 33% of the park is cultivated and 80% of the hill area is under private ownership. Mols Bjerge National Park has a rolling and widely varying topography of woodlands and open countryside, created with the end of the last ice age. Elevation in the park area varies in height rising to a maximum of 137 metres (449 ft) in Mols Hills, with many types of habitats such as heath, forests, pastures, bogs, meadows, a variety of coastal habitats and sea
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
The site has multiple purposes. As a national park it both serves as a recreational area as well as conservation of biodiversity and landscapes. Within the national park, there is a 150 ha research area with long term monitoring and also experimental research e.g. large climate change experiments with realistic warming and drought related to INCREASE and CLIMMANI networks.
In the last part of the last Ice Age, the Weichselian glacial period, the main ice sheet from the north east came all the way across Jutland to the central ridge region. When the main Weichselian ice sheet over Denmark retreated, the edge of the ice sheet, about 20,000 years ago, was located above Helgenæs, Mols Bjerge and the area around Rønde. In a number of subsequent brief advances, the lateral moraines, formed of deposits of material transported by the ice, were pushed together. The ice disappeared from Djursland again, but about 18,000 years ago, it came back to these areas, this time from the southeast (Baltic advance) and reached southern Djursland. Mols Bjerge National Park covers an area of 180 km2 of large forests, moors and open dry grasslands as well as lakes, coastal areas and the sea. The park area extends from the coast of Kattegat in the east to the forests at Kalø in the west, from the winding inlets in the south across the magnificent moraine formations of the hills of Mols Bjerge to the outwash plains of the Ice Age in the north. The national park with a town The National Park also includes the town of Ebeltoft as well as various villages and holiday cottage areas.
Affiliation and Network Specific Information