Golfo di Trieste - Italy

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Golfo di Trieste

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General Site Description: 

The coastal marine observatory site Gulf of Trieste lies within the Marine Protected Area (MPA) of Miramare and includes the biological time-series station “C1”, part of the Italian Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network, and the in situ continuous MAMBO meteo-oceanographic buoy. Marine Protected Areas represent one of the most effective systems for marine biodiversity preservation and management. Since 1986, the time-series station “C1” in the Gulf of Trieste (GoTTs, Gulf of Trieste Time series) represents a crucial site for marine ecological research, as it is subject to the interaction among several natural forcing (river, groundwater discharge, tides, general circulation, intense meteorological) and numerous anthropogenic activities (maritime transport, harbours of Trieste and Monfalcone, urban waste discharge, mussel- and fish-farming, fishing and recreational activities). In 1999, the ecological research site has been equipped with a meteo oceanographic buoy (MAMBO) in order to acquire continuous data on meteorological conditions at sea and on seawater physical and biogeochemical properties. Due to the high temporal dynamics of ecological processes in coastal ecosystems, continuous and real-time data of the main meteorological, physical and biogeochemical properties are fundamental for a better understanding of marine ecosystem functioning.

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General Characteristics, Purpose, History

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Purpose of Site : 

The main purposes of the site are: to assess the status of planktonic and benthic communities in terms of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning; to identify long term changes of marine coastal ecosystem in the northernmost part of the Adriatic Sea; to evaluate temporal dynamics of nutrients, dissolved and particulate organic matter; to evaluate the role of meteorological, physical and biological drivers on marine acidification; to evaluate relationships among meteorological drivers and the marine ecosystem; to assess the vulnerability to major global changes (global warming, ocean acidification, pollution, biodiversity loss, introduction of NIS (Non Indigenous Species) and HAO (Harmful Aquatic Organism); to provide knowledge needed to improve management of the MPA; to contribute with data, information and knowledge to the main EU marine environmental strategies and directives

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Latitude: 45.700800000000
Longitude: 13.710000000000