Devin thermophilous woods - Czechia

Basic Information
Site Name
Devin thermophilous woods
Short name
Devin
Country
Czechia
Site Manager
Funding Agency
Keywords
ancient woodland
biodiversity conservation
forest dynamics
plant communities
traditional coppicing
Site Description
Děvín is a considerable site of forest and non-forest ecosystems of the warmest part of the Czech Republic. Due to heterogeneous geomorphology, it comprises a range of habitat conditions and vegetation types. Forests cover about 3/4 of the area and they are formed mainly by oak-hornbeam wood, thermophilous oak wood, and ravine wood. The forests of Děvín were strictly managed as a coppice in the past. The oldest records are available from the late 14th century. The cutting period was as short as 7 years in the Middle Age and then gradually increased to 15–25 years during the 17th–19th centuries. A reason of the coppice management was the need of firewood. This probably led to a dominance of the large-leaved lime (Tilia platyphyllos), which stands regular cutting and quickly re-sprouts. The traditional management was abandoned in the 20th century, a nature reserve was declared in 1946, and later even a game preserve was established; the latter, however, was cancelled in the 1990s. The forest has been gradually transformed to a high forest and its age has increased to the today’s average of 70, sometimes over 120 years. The dramatic change in the management has caused a large change in ecological conditions. Light woods, hosting many species occurring in light- and warm-demanding conditions, have shifted to mesic, i.e. moister and nutrient-richer forests than ever before. A marked decrease in diversity in forest understorey has been a consequence. This trend was revealed by a comparison of nearly 200 vegetation plots from 1953–1964 with their 2002–2003 replicates, i.e. after 40 to 50 years. A similar comparison is available for soils with 34 repeated pedological profiles. The aim of the present management is to restore coppices with partial preservation of some stands in a non-intervention regime. A set of 80 permanent plots has been established in 2008 in order to monitor the consequent environmental and vegetation changes, as well as diversity of invertebrates, with a monitoring period of 5–10 years.
Last modified
2020-06-29 10:06:14
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Site Status
Operational
Year Established
1953
Purpose
* Understanding of long-term trends and causes in deciduous forest plant communities (scale of decades). * Understanding of short-term dynamics and causal mechanisms in deciduous forest plant communities (scale of seasons to years). * Restoration of traditional coppicing management, in parallel to no-intervention forest.
Photos
Coppice-with-standards

Coppice-with-standards

Geographic
Size
380.00ha
Elevation (average)
380.00msl
Elevation (min)
280.00msl
Elevation (max)
550.00msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
CZ-LTER (LTER_EU_CZ_018)This site is a verified "CZ-LTER" member.
ILTERThis site is a verified "ILTER" member.
LTER EuropeThis site is a verified "LTER Europe" member.
Projects
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Site information [.json]

Centroid coordinates [.shp] [.kml]