AGCV: CERRADO - Brasília, APA Gama Cabeça de Veado - Brazil
AGCV: CERRADO - Brasília, APA Gama Cabeça de Veado
CERRADO - Brasilia
population and community properties
The “Área de Proteção Ambiental das Bacias do Gama e Cabeça de Veado” (AGCV) is located in the central area of the Cerrado domain in Brazil. This area of environmental protection is important due to its strategic localization as a buffer area between urban areas and the natural environments in DF, and by harboring hydric resources from two basins. There are three contiguous conservation units located inside the AGCV: Estação Ecológica do Jardim Botânico de Brasília (EEJBB; Ecologica Station of the Botanic Garden of Brasilia), the Reserva Ecológica do Roncador - IBGE (Recor - IBGE; Roncador Ecological Reserve) and Fazenda Água Limpa (FAL; Agua Limpa Farm, the ecological and agricultural field station of the Universidade de Brasília. In addition to those there is a contiguous 5,000-h area which is well-preserved, locally known as Alpha area. This latter and the three other conservation units are located 25 km SW of Brasília, Federal District, and together comprise about 15,000 ha in the core part of the Cerrado domain. A mosaic of Cerrado vegetation, including open vegetation, typical savanna formations, and forests occur in the region.
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
The Environmental Protection Area (APA Gama e Cabeça de Veado - AGCV), located in the Federal District of Brazil, has about 25,000 hectares continuous and a perimeter of approximately 67.000m. The full protection area was created in April 21, 1986, but the ecological reserves inside it had already been stablished before. The AGCV includes urban, rural and preservation and experimentation areas. This region is very important considering the conservation of the Cerrado in the Federal District, considering that most of the original vegetation has been destroyed in this Federation Unit, mainly due to agricultural practices, land parceling, mining, deforestation for use in charcoal, seasonal fires and urban unplanned growth. The areas corresponding to the Agua Limpa Farm, Botanical Garden of Brasília, IBGE Ecological Reserve concentrate most studies related to this project, and are protected for more than 40 years. Studies in AGCV were initiated in 1997 and are currently in the second phase. The various taxonomic groups covered in coordinated studies by researchers at the University of Brasilia, with the participation of students in graduate programs, make the site an important center for staff training, as well as a source of research and production of data on biodiversity Cerrado. As the plots and collection points are established within protected areas, the program results also contribute to the handling and management of these areas. In its new phase the site AGCV will expand the studies, with the inclusion of new sampling techniques, new taxonomic groups and new approaches to comprehensive analysis, especially realistic spatial distribution of biodiversity processes and standards. One of the important aspects proposed for the site refers to the association of environmental disturbance events (fire) and isolation areas with the variations observed in data from animal and plant species. Moreover, the use of new non-invasive sampling techniques, such as Bioacoustical proposal for birds and bats, will require the development and testing of new data collection protocols.
Affiliation and Network Specific Information