Kis-Balaton Site, Balaton LTER - Hungary
Kis-Balaton Site, Balaton LTER
In order to combat the eutrophication of Lake Balaton, the Kis-Balaton Water Protection System (KBWPS) was initiated in the early 1980s. Originally, the KBWPS consisted of an 18 km2 shallow (less than 1.3 m) artificial lake system (Lake Hídvégi) and a 16 km2 wetland, which were constructed on the site of the former Kis-Balaton wetland in the mid-1980s. Later, the wetland part of the KBWPS was significantly enlarged (over 50 km2). Lake Hídvégi was designed to retain nutrients and provide ideal conditions for algae growth, while the wetland component of the KBWPS prevented these algae from entering Lake Balaton. Regular limnological, ornithological, ichthyological and plant ecological measurements are carried out in both Lake Hídvég and the wetland part of the KBWPS.
General Characteristics and Status