Lake Bohinj - Slovenia
Parent Site Name
Lake Bohinj is of tectonic-glacial origin and was transformed by the Bohinj glacier. Its surface area is 3.28 km 2 , its volumeWeather conditions and chlorophyll concentrations determine long-term macrophyte community dynamics of Lake...92.5 × 10 6 m 3 and its maximum depth 45 m. It is located at an altitude of 525 m a.s.l. and issurrounded by mountains that are up to 2000 m high. Lake Bohinj is conditioned by the main inflow from River Savica and by several karst springs from the base of Mount Komarča and has a single outflow, River Sava Bohinjka. The residence time of the water in Lake Bohinj is about 4 months, which means that the total volume of the water in Lake Bohinj changes three times a year. The surrounding watershed comprises around 94.3 km2 and is mostly uninhabited, with a large portion extending above the tree line; therefore, the input of nutrients into Lake Bohinj is moderate. This watershed receives about 3300 mm of rainfall a year. Long-term temper-atures show a tendency to a rise. In winter, usually in January, the surface water cools and the lake can be frozen over. From 1961 to 1990, Lake Bohinj was frozen over for a mean of > 50 days/year, while in the decade from 1991 to 2000, the mean number of days with ice cover was reduced to 31 days/year. Since 1990, the lake did not freeze completely in individual years. The majority of the lake catchment area consists of carbon-ate rock, and therefore, the main lake sediment fraction is carbonate, while quartz and feldspar represent a minor part.
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Lake Bohinj was classified as being in very good or good ecological condition (http://www.arso.gov.si/ en/soer/freshwater.html). Before the EU Water Framework Directive came into force, Lake Bohinj had been classified as being oligotrophic according to OECD criteria. It is the largest natural lake in Slovenia and as a oligotrophic lake, it is very vulnerable to environmental changers and needs to be monitored. Therefore, Lake Bohinj can serve as a model system to study the effects of human impact and other changes on biota, living in the lake. This is a basis for effective management practices of aquatic systems.
Affiliation and Network Specific Information