Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve - Romania

Basic Information
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Site Name
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve
Short name
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve
Country
Romania
Keywords
ecopotential
Lagoons, coastal wetlands and estuaries
Site Description
The Danube Delta is the second largest river delta in Europe. The Romanian Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (580,000 ha) is situated northwest of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe. Four geographic divisions can be distinguished; the Danube Delta, the Razim-Sinoe lagoon complex,the Isaccea-Tulcea sector of the Danube flood plain and the shallow marine waters. The Danube Delta is a low alluvial plain, mostly covered by wetlands and water. It consists of an intricate pattern of marshes, channels, streamlets and lakes. The average altitude is 0.52 m, with 20% of the territory below sea level, and more than half not exceeding one meter in altitude. Dunes on the most extensive strand plains of the delta (Letea and Caraorman strand plains) stand higher (12.4 m and 7 m respectively). The largest lakes are Dranov (21.7 km²), Roșu (14.5 km²), Gorgova (13.8 km²).
Last modified
2020-06-29 10:06:14
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Site Status
Operational
Year Established
1975
Purpose
The area was created to conserve the its diversity, both biological and cultural. It has a triple international conservation designation: UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Biosphere Reserve since 1990 and Ramsar site due to its importance for migratory birds. At EU level the Danube Delta is recognized as part of Natura 2000 network for the great diversity of birds listed on the Bird directive, as well as for the habitats and species listed on the annexes of Habitat directive. The following Natura 2000 sites are overlapping the area: ROSPA0031 Danube Delta and Razelm – Sinoie Lagoon System, ROSPA0076 Black Sea, ROSCI0065 Danube Delta, and ROSCI0066 Danube Delta – marine area. There are also 18 strictly protected areas that are covering 509 km2
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Geographic
Size
580000.00ha
Elevation (average)
3.00msl
Elevation (min)
-1.00msl
Elevation (max)
12.40msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
ILTERThis site is a verified "ILTER" member.
LTER Romania (LTER_EU_RO_001)This site is a verified "LTER Romania" member.
LTER EuropeThis site is a verified "LTER Europe" member.
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