Yanting Agricultural Ecological Station on Purple Soil - China
Yanting Agricultural Ecological Station on Purple Soil
Yanting Agro-ecological Experimental Station of Purple Soil of CAS locates at LinShan, Yanting (105 º 27 'E, 31 º 16' N) in the north-central Sichuan Basin. It was established in 1980 and became a member of the Chinese Ecosystem Research Network (CERN) in 1991. In 2005, it was selected to be a National Key Field Research Station. In 2007, the Station became one of the Soil and Water Conservation Sci-Tech Demonstration Zones under the Ministry of Water Resources. It is also one of the observatory sites of Global Terrestrial Observation System (GTOS) and a key field station under the Ministry of Agriculture. Yanting has a humid subtropical monsoon climate, with an annual average temperature of 17.5 ℃ and an average annual rainfall of 826 mm, and its annual frost-free period is averagely 290 days. Its landscape is featured by hills. The outcropped rock strata are purplish sand-mudstones formed in Jurassic and Cretaceous period. The soil is called locally purple soil. It is classified as Eutric Regosols in the FAO Soil Taxonomy and as Pup-Orthic-Entisols in the Chinese Soil Taxonomy. Yanting Station represents typical farmland ecosystems dominated by purple soils in the Sichuan Basin in the subtropical region.
General Characteristics and Status
Affiliation and Network Specific Information