Ecological research site of Mt. Jumbongsan - Korea (the Republic of)
Ecological research site of Mt. Jumbongsan
Korea (the Republic of)
Mt. Jumbongsan site has housed the KLTER(Korea Long Term Ecological Research) station run by Ministry of Environment and National Institute of Ecology since 2004. Mt. Jumbongsan is located between Mt. Soraksan and Mt. Bangtaesan and stretches over Gangwon-do, Baekdudaegan in the Korean Peninsula. The well-preserved old-growth hardwood forest represents the vegetation of Mt. Jumbongsan within the core of Mt. Soraksan Biosphere Reserve designated by UNESCO in 1982. Qurecus mongolica and Lindera obtusiloba are the dominant species in the tree and shrub layer, respectively. Research equipment in the site consists of a flux tower, soil respiration measuring system and a V-notch weir. The flux tower is set for measuring the flow of CO2 and the photosynthesis rate and microclimate of the canopy layer in the area, and the soil respiration measurement system for studying correlation between the amount of CO2 from soil microbes and roots of plants and the soil temperature, and lastly the V-notch weir for measuring the portion material flow running through a mountain valley and hydrological studies. Altogether, we are conducting the study of interactions among various taxa using information produced from the equipment.
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
The research activity in the site can be divided into three topics. First, vegetation shift due to environmental atmospheric and soil change. For this topic, a flux tower is built from which geochemical and physical data such as temperature, pH, CO2 concentration are collected in real time. From the data we will be able to understand correlation between annual variation of atmospheric and soil CO2 concentration, and vegetation dynamics. Second, biodiversity monitoring of major taxa. The monitoring is scheduled in the biannual term. In the monitoring, higher plant diversity, fungal diversity, terrestrial arthropods, bentic macroinvertebrates, fresh water fish, amphibians and reptiles, aves, and mammals are surveyed. This activity should give the very basic information on the biodiversity of the site and knowledge on the pattern of biodiversity in response to environmental change. Third, biological interactions at the community level. It is composed of subjects such as 1) production of plant community and energy flow in the forest ecosystem, 2) soil bacterial community and bacterial decomposition of plant materials, 3) plant-insect interactions focusing on herbivorous insects, 4) avian community diversity and its guild structure, 5) bat biodiversity and their ecological characteristics in the site, 6) molecular food web ecology. The topic will elucidate the importance of each organismic component in the site on the basis of ecosystem structure and function. As the data accumulate, meta-analyses will be conducted for further understanding
Affiliation and Network Specific Information