OZCAR-RI SNO_KARST Environmental Research Observatory Site of fontaine de Vaucluse - LSBB - France
OZCAR-RI SNO_KARST Environmental Research Observatory Site of fontaine de Vaucluse - LSBB
SNO_KARST fontaine de Vaucluse basin
Parent Site Name
The Environmental Research Observatory Site of Fontaine de Vaucluse – LSBB is an observation and experimental site located in south-eastern France. Observation and experimentations are performed by UMR EMMAH at two different scales: at catchment scale since 1981 within the SNO KARST network and at micro-site scale since 2002 within the SNO H+ network at the Low Noise Underground Laboratory (LSBB). Fontaine de Vaucluse is both outstanding and typical of the mediterranean context. This spring is one of the largest springs in Europe with an average discharge over 20 m3/s. It is the main outlet of a large limestone catchment (~ 1160 km2), that extends mainly over natural land, with thick unsaturated zone (800 m in average).
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Due to its characteristics, this site is particularly well suited to study flow processes within the unsaturated zone and the effect of heterogeneity of carbonates on hydrodynamic properties. Research topics also include analysis of the drivers of speleogenesis, development of methodologies for recharge assessment using hydrochemistry and modelling of hydrodynamics.
Affiliation and Network Specific Information