OZCAR-RI SNO_KARST Environmental Research Observatory Site of fontaine de Vaucluse - LSBB - France

Basic Information
Site Name
OZCAR-RI SNO_KARST Environmental Research Observatory Site of fontaine de Vaucluse - LSBB
Short name
SNO_KARST fontaine de Vaucluse basin
Country
France
Operating Organisation
Keywords
groundwater recharge
hydrodynamics
hydrogeochemistry
hydrogeology
hydrogeophysics
hydrological modeling
karst
limestone rock
Mediterranean climate
Modelling
speleogenesis
sustainable management
unsaturated zone
vulnerability
water quality
Site Description
The Environmental Research Observatory Site of Fontaine de Vaucluse – LSBB is an observation and experimental site located in south-eastern France. Observation and experimentations are performed by UMR EMMAH at two different scales: at catchment scale since 1981 within the SNO KARST network and at micro-site scale since 2002 within the SNO H+ network at the Low Noise Underground Laboratory (LSBB). Fontaine de Vaucluse is both outstanding and typical of the mediterranean context. This spring is one of the largest springs in Europe with an average discharge over 20 m3/s. It is the main outlet of a large limestone catchment (~ 1160 km2), that extends mainly over natural land, with thick unsaturated zone (800 m in average).
Last modified
2020-09-15 10:09:23
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Site Status
Operational
Year Established
1981
Purpose
Due to its characteristics, this site is particularly well suited to study flow processes within the unsaturated zone and the effect of heterogeneity of carbonates on hydrodynamic properties. Research topics also include analysis of the drivers of speleogenesis, development of methodologies for recharge assessment using hydrochemistry and modelling of hydrodynamics.
Photos
Main outlet of the karst system is the fontaine de Vaucluse spring

Main outlet of the karst system is the fontaine de Vaucluse spring

Highest summit of fontaine de Vaucluse recharge area is mount Ventoux (1909 m ASL)

Highest summit of fontaine de Vaucluse recharge area is mount Ventoux (1909 m ASL)

Geographic
Size
111600.00ha
Elevation (average)
870.00msl
Elevation (min)
84.00msl
Elevation (max)
1911.00msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
ILTERThis site is a verified "ILTER" member.
LTER EuropeThis site is a verified "LTER Europe" member.
LTER France (CZO_EU_FR_183)This site is a verified "LTER France" member.
Download

Site information [.json]

Centroid coordinates [.shp] [.kml]
Bounding Box [.shp] [.kml]
Boundaries [.shp] [.kml]