Lough Neagh - United Kingdom

Basic Information
Site Name
Lough Neagh
Short name
L16
Country
United Kingdom
Site Manager
Keywords
fisheries
freshwater
lakes
pollution
water quality
Site Description
UK ECN site. Lough Neagh covers 383 km2 and is by far the largest area of freshwater in the British Isles. Situated in the north-east of the island, it has a drainage basin of 4,453 km2, which is shared between Northern Ireland (91%) and the Republic of Ireland (9%). The average water retention time is 15 months. Although large in area, the lake is relatively shallow with a mean depth of 8.9 m (max. 25 m). This, combined with its great size and a mild and windy oceanic climate, ensures that the water column is generally well mixed. The lake supports commercial fisheries for European eel, pollan, perch and trout. The eel fishery is the most significant, with an annual catch in the region of 600 t. Lough Neagh is hypertrophic with a mean annual total phosphorus (P) concentration of 140 mg P l-1 (2017). Levels of phosphorus and nitrogen in the lough support large phytoplankton populations with annual chlorophyll a concentrations typically in excess of 45 mg l-1. The dominant alga is the cyanophyte Planktothrix agardhii and the phytoplankton is now less diverse than in the late 1960s when regular monitoring began. Since then there has been regular monitoring of the plankton, lake and river nutrient concentrations, which have been used to produce nutrient budgets for the lake.
Metadata Update Date
2019-07-02 16:10:44
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Site Status
existing
Year Established
1992
Purpose
Lake ecological monitoring and research. There has been continued monitoring of Lough Neagh since the early 1970s. When the monitoring programme commenced, the focus was on relieving point source pollution. However, attempts to lower P concentrations in the lough by curtailing point sources of P have been unsuccessful due to increasing inputs from diffuse sources and continued internal loading.
Photos
View of Lough Neagh
Water monitoring instrument in Lough Neagh
Sunset over Lough Neagh (swans in foreground)
Boats on Lough Neagh
Geographic
Size
38600.00ha
Elevation (average)
10.00msl
Elevation (min)
10.00msl
Elevation (max)
10.00msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
ILTERThis site is a verified "ILTER" member.
UK ECN (LTER_EU_UK_016)This site is a verified "UK ECN" member.
Projects
Download

Site information [.json]

Centroid coordinates [.shp] [.kml]
Bounding Box [.shp] [.kml]
Boundaries [.shp] [.kml]