Kiryu Experimental Watershed - Japan
Kiryu Experimental Watershed
The watershed covers 5.99 ha and ranges in elevation from 190 to 255 m. A meteorological observation tower is located in a small catchment within the experimental watershed. The watershed is mainly covered by Chamaecyparis obtuse Sieb. et Zucc. (Japanese cypress, an evergreen conifer) planted in 1959. Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. and several deciduous broad-leaved tree species are sparsely present. In 1990's, pine-wilt disease has decreased P. densiflora stands. Eurya japonica Thunb. dominates the forest floor. The total leaf area index (LAI) ranges approximately from 4.5 to 5.5 with a little seasonal fluctuation. The entire catchment consists of weathered granite with abundant amounts of albite. The topographic map of the area shows a mild northward inclination of approximately 9.2 degrees. Winds flow mainly from the north during the day and from the south at night. The annual mean air temperature from 1999 to 2012 was 13.5 C, and annual mean precipitation from 1972 to 2012 was 1,651 mm. The site therefore has a warm temperate climate. Rainfall occurs throughout the year, peaking in summer. Little snow falls in winter.
General Characteristics and Status