Vestskoven - Denmark
Broadleaved deciduous woodland
Critical zone observatory
ICP Integrated Monitoring
soil chemical characteristics (pH, CEC, EC, C and N content, …)
Vestskoven is a 15 km2 ongoing afforestation area located 15 km west of central Copenhagen. Since 1967 arable land has successively been bought up for afforestation in order to establish a large forest area for outdoor activities and wood production. In 1998, afforestation chronosequences in oak (Quercus robur) and Norway spruce (Picea abies) were established as a research platform to quantify soil carbon dynamics, water recharge, nitrogen budgets and ground vegetation species diversity. The soil and grund vegetation species composition were resampled in the chronosequences after 13 years in 2011. Since 2003, an ICP-Forests Level II/Core plot with integrated monitoring under the UN Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) is placed in an oak stand. Monitoring has developed over time. There is no time limit on the monitoring financed by the Ministry of Environment and Food in Denmark.
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
The site presents a unique opportunity to study the influence of afforestation within the same soil type. The site offers many possibilities to explore the environmental benefits of afforestation, also with respect to recreation, biodiversity and for assessment of environmental economics at the landscape scale. Management guidelines for afforestation in Denmark are partly based on the results obtained in Vestskoven.
Afforestation from 1967 and is still ongoing on former agricultural land as a near urban forest to Copenhagen. The forest is presently 1500 ha with stands of mainly oak (Quercus robor), beech (Fagus Sylvatica) and Norway spruce (Picea abias) of varying age but a number of other tree species are present. The site has been an ICP-forest site since 1998. Studies of forest development in chronosequences have been conducted since 1998 including biogeochemical cycling, forest growth, soil carbon sequestration, nitrogen retention and development of understory vegetation. Further, longer term studies of different land-uses incl. diff forest types, pastures and agriculture have been conducted
Affiliation and Network Specific Information