Bosco Fontana - Italy
Parent Site Name
The State Nature Reserve "Bosco della Fontana" is one of the last remaining examples of lowland forest in the Po Valley. The oak-hornbeam forest, which covers a surface area of 198 ha, is the dominant habitat in the reserve, is completed by a grassland an
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Studies on: - Forest dynamic - Evaluation of the canopy healthfulness - Atmospheric ozone measurement - atmospheric rainfall chemistry - Lucanus cervus monitoring - Evaluation of ozone damage on vegetation - Vegetation analysis - River EBI index - Basidiomycetes and ascomycetes monitoring - Meteorological data survey
Bosco Fontana is an ancient primary woodland and represents one of the last remnant of the original Po plain forest. The historic events that have influenced the area are the fragmentation and the decrease of the forest habitat surface, the modification in the forest composition and structure. One of the most relevant events happened is the heavy storm in 1949, which uprooted more than 1500 m3 of wood, leaving “naked” a 50 ha area. The consequent reforestation with allochthonus species (plane tree and red oak) constitutes another alteration of the natural ecosystem. The allochthouns species are progressively eliminated to reconstitute the original oak-hornbeam woodland. From a faunistic point of view, the area represents a “tank” of forest species disappeared or extremely rare in the other areas. The central grassland, used for grazing till 70s, is now treated with scheduled mows.
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
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ICOS✖ (http://meta.icos-cp.eu/ontologies/stationentry/ES/IT-BFt)The affiliation of this site with "ICOS" is not verified.