Companhia das Lezírias - Portugal

Basic Information
Site Name
Companhia das Lezírias
Short name
Montado 02_CL
Country
Portugal
Parent Site Name
Keywords
Tea bag
Site Description
Companhia das Lezírias is one of the six research and monitoring stations of LTER-Montado, an umbrella site located in the Alentejo province in south Portugal (southwestern Iberia). The "Montado" represents an unique agro-silvo-pastoral ecosystem (named "dehesa" in Spain) found only in the Mediterranean basin. These savannah-like landscapes are dominated by evergreen cork and/or holm oaks and were shaped over millennia of traditional land use practices. These multi-use forests are two-layered systems that combine, in a single space, forest harvesting, extensive livestock husbandry, pastures and/or cereal cultivation (the most evident economical revenues), with other traditional uses (hunting, beekeeping and mushroom picking). Recently, increasing awareness arose on their benefits as biodiversity reservoirs, recreation grounds, and other ecosystem services providers, but these non-productive functions are not equally perceived and valued by users, as they tend to be conflicting with productive ones. Companhia das Lezírias is a state-run property, located in the bank tributary of the Tagus River, in the Ribatejo province, 30 km northeast Lisbon and 7 km from Vila Franca de Xira.Cork oak (Quercus suber) is the dominant tree type, with an average of 68 adult trees per hectare.Cork oak stands are the major use and the priority in terms of land management. It covers 6.751 ha (78% of forested land). Pine and eucalyptus stands (1.900 ha), agriculture areas, pastures and dams complete the current use of soil. Some tree decline is observed, especially on podzols. The natural regeneration of the tree stand is not uniform, and it is lacking in some places because of grazing and shrub clearing for fire prevention. No fires have been reported in the last 20 years. Conflicting interests arise from the livestock grazing component that affects the natural regeneration of cork oak trees. Interventions and adjustments to promote natural regeneration and active afforestation (e.g. fencing combined with shrub clearing) have been included in the stakeholder´s management plan over the last years.
Last modified
2020-03-25 04:03:33
Photos
Montado - Companhia das Lezírias
Cattle - Companhia das Lezírias
Cork oaks - Companhia das Lezírias
Cork oak montado
TeaComposition initiative plot CL01
TeaComposition initiative plot CL02
TeaComposition initiative plot CL03
TeaComposition initiative plot CL04
TeaComposition initiative plot CL05
TeaComposition initiative plot CL06
TeaComposition initiative plot CL07
TeaComposition initiative plot CL08
TeaComposition initiative plot CL09
TeaComposition initiative plot CL10
TeaComposition initiative plot CL11
TeaComposition initiative plot CL12
TeaComposition initiative plot CL04 - Soil profile
TeaComposition initiative plot CL06 - Tea bag plots
Geographic
Size
17952.00ha
Elevation (average)
30.00msl
Elevation (min)
1.00msl
Elevation (max)
53.00msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
ILTERThis site is a verified "ILTER" member.
LTER EuropeThis site is a verified "LTER Europe" member.
LTER Portugal (LTER_EU_PT_004)This site is a verified "LTER Portugal" member.
Projects
Download

Site information [.json]

Centroid coordinates [.shp] [.kml]
Bounding Box [.shp] [.kml]
Boundaries [.shp] [.kml]