Fruska gora - Serbia
Broadleaved deciduous woodland
Fruška gora is an isolated, narrow, island mountain in Pannonia plain, completely surrounded by lowland. It expands up to 80 km in length and 15 km in width. Its highest peak Crveni cot has 549m. Its location, specific geological history and different microclimatic conditions (from lowland semiarid climate to the relatively cold and humid submontane climate) make it very interesting and important to science. Thanks to unique and very rich deposits of fossil fauna and flora, Fruška gora is called the 'mirror of geological past'. More than 90% of the area is covered by deciduous forests with varied types of climatogenous forest communities that have been under constant and increasing pressure from surrounding urban areas, building, traffic, agriculture and economic use. The dominant forests are mesophillous mixed forests of sessile oak (Qeuercus petraea) and European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), orographically conditioned beech forests, as well as thermophilous forests of Turkey oak (Quercus cerris), pubescent oak (Quercus pubescens) and (Quercus frainetto). Fruska gora counts around 1500 of plant species which is more than 1/3 of the total Serbian flora.
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
This site is founded to explore climate change and air pollution impacts on forests, land use changes (primarily in forest ecosystems), the structure and function of forest ecosystems and its biodiversity and the structure and function of steppe habitats.
Various types of research (biodiversity, forestry, pedology, meteorology) has been conducted on Fruska gora since the 1960s. LTER site Fruska gora was formally established in 2008 when a group of Serbian researchers and scientists from Universities and research Institutes agreed upon an implementation of the national Long Term Ecological Research Network accomplishing ILTER objectives and goals. LTER membership contributed to implementation and improvement of research methodology, infrastructure, data integration from multiple sources and data sharing.
Affiliation and Network Specific Information