Doñana Long-Term Socio-ecological Research Platform - Spain
Doñana Long-Term Socio-ecological Research Platform
Doñana LTSER Platform
Protected in 1968, Doñana National Park (537 km2) is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, a Ramsar Site and a Natural World Heritage Site. It contains the largest wetland in Western Europe, a intricate matrix of marshlands (270 km2), phreatic lagoons, a 25 km-long dune ecosystem with its respective shoreline and representative Mediterranean terrestrial plant communities. Doñana is both a critical stopover site for Palearctic birds migrating to Africa and an important overwintering site for waterfowl. Doñana LTSER platform comprises both the protected area and the surrounding territories (2736 km2) where a complex landscape matrix composed by rice fields, fisheries, irrigated crops, berry greenhouses, vineyards, olives and pine afforestations hold the tributary streams that pour their water to the fluvial marshland, the main figure of Doñana. Doñana surroundings hold over 180000 permanent inhabitants. Inside the protected land, the main 3 ecosystems sustain more than 1550 species of vascular plants, 900 species of arthropods, up to 400 breeding and migratory bird species, 38 mammal species, 72 species of fishes, 40 reptile and amphibian species.
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
The many different management plans for Doñana LTSER Platform require the implementation of methodological protocols to yield continuous long term information on biodiversity status, natural processes trends, human activities and public land use in order to increase the knowledge on ecosystem dynamics, disturbances, fluctuations and overall tendencies. The monitoring programme of natural processes and resources in Doñana Protected Area collects systematically since 2002 the indicators on the status of the monitored 87 processes, structured under thematic areas: Landscape, Vegetation, Threatened Flora, Limnology, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians and Reptiles, approached in a transversal way through geophysical, biological and management processes.
Affiliation and Network Specific Information