OZCAR-RI Aurade Experimental Catchment - France

Basic Information
Site Name
OZCAR-RI Aurade Experimental Catchment
Short name
Aurade agricultural catchment
Country
France
Site Manager
Operating Organisation
Keywords
agricultural practices
agro-hydrological modelling
alkalinity
calcareous soil
carbon 13
carbonate dissolution
catchment runoff chemistry
chemical weathering
climate change
CO2 weathering flux
continuous probe measurements
deuterium
dissolved major elements
Dissolved organic carbon (DOC)
flash flood
GIS
mineral fertilizers
molassic deposits
N-fertiliser
nitrate
nitrogen 15
oxygen isotopes
pesticides
physical erosion
precipitation chemistry
semi-arid climate
soil solution chemistry
subsurface runoff
surface runoff
suspended solids
Site Description
Small agricultural catchment (320 ha) with 30 years of data: impact of climate change and agricultural practices on soil erosion, weathering rate and river fluxes. Main cultures: wheat and sunflower in rotation Soils: calco soils Bedrock: Miocene molassic deposits (calcareous, clayey and sandy) Continuous measurements with sensor: river discharge, Temperature, pH, conductivity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, nitrate Weekly samples and high resolution sampling during storm runoff: major cations and anions, alkalinity, pH, dissolved silica, conductivity, total suspended solids, stable isotopes (13C of DIC, 2H and 18O of H2O, 15N of nitrates), heavy metals, some pesticide molecules Climatological station, rain collector for precipitation chemistry, soil solution station with lysimetric plate at different depths. Carbon and water tower flux measurements (Eddy covariance see CESBIO laboratory contribution) Collaboration with the Aurade farmer association for fertilizer and pesticide inputs, cultivation, agricultural practices... Aurade experimental catchment (http://www.ecolab.omp.eu/bvea/) is an international field site of the Critical Zone Exploration Network CZEN (http://www.czen.org/content/aurade-experimental-catchment), a field site of the French Research Infrastructure OZCAR and it is also a site of the French LTSER ZA PYGAR "Zone Atelier Pyrénées-Garonne". and a regional Platform of Research and Innovation-Midi Pyrénées.
Last modified
2020-03-23 04:03:51
General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Site Status
existing
Year Established
1982
Purpose
To determine the impact of climate change and agricultural practices on soil erosion, weathering rate, biogeochemical cycles of elements and river fluxes. It is also to study the dynamic of agricultural pollutants (nitrogen, pesticides, heavy metals) and their impact the quality of soils, surface and ground waters, and aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, particularly on the relationships between biodiversity and functions and on the ecosystem services.
History
This site has been set up in 1982 by the company AZF-Grande-Paroisse to follow nitrate and phosphate concentrations in the sream in order to reduce the losses of N and P from mineral ferilizer application. The survey was developped with the local farmer association (GAGT) in order to improve the agricultural practices and to reduce nitrate pollution. From 2000, Ecolab laboratory manage the site and is in charge of the whole hydrochemical survey, within the framework of an agreement with GAGT. From 2010, the site is a regional platform for research and innovation, and it is pat of the French catchment network (RBV). It belongs to the French research infrastructure OZCAR and to the European infastructure (ESFRI-LTER).
Parameters
Photos
not defined
Geographic
Size
320.00ha
Elevation (average)
220.00msl
Elevation (min)
173.00msl
Elevation (max)
268.00msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
ILTERThis site is a verified "ILTER" member.
LTER EuropeThis site is a verified "LTER Europe" member.
ICOS (http://meta.icos-cp.eu/ontologies/stationentry/ES/FR-AUR)The affiliation of this site with "ICOS" is not verified.
LTER France (CZO_EU_FR_040)This site is a verified "LTER France" member.
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